JavaScript is one of the most popular and widely used languages in today’s programming world. It was first used in web browsers to handle dynamic runtime user inputs. Witnessing its power, ease in usage, and simplicity in syntax, it was soon made available for native desktop and web server application development as well. In this article, we will learn some of the best JavaScript frameworks which are available today and you should surely watch over in the year 2020. Let’s start! 

What is a Software Framework?

According to the dictionary definition, a framework is “a basic structure underlying a system or a concept”. The same definition applies to a software framework as well. A software framework provides a certain set of abstract functionalities that can be used and twisted in a variety of ways to develop specific software applications. A framework entails a generic set of methods that can be used to develop the application as per custom requirements with less redundant and clean coding practices. If you wish to learn more about software frameworks, feel free to give a read to a detailed thread here.

Throughout this tutorial, we will only explore the JavaScript frameworks and not the libraries. Note that there are extremely useful JavaScript libraries as well that are used for the development of Single Page Applications (SPAs). We will surely discuss them in great detail in some other article. For now, the scope of this article is limited to the discussion of frameworks only. So, let’s begin with it!

Top 7 JavaScript Frameworks of 2020

The following are the top 7 JavaScript frameworks that have made the lives of developers easier by providing revolutionary benefits in both development and production environments.

Angular

Angular is, by far, the most popular and extensively used front-end frameworks for building Single Page Applications (SPAs). It works on the idea of components and hence promotes the component-based development of applications. Although Angular counts to be a JavaScript framework, since Angular 2.0, it does not directly use JavaScript as the underlying programming language. Instead, it uses a superset of JavaScript called the TypeScript to handle dynamic user operations. If you wish to learn about the differences between JavaScript and TypeScript, you may have a quick look here. Angular is highly reliable and has support and maintenance by one of the giants in the industry i.e. Google. 

Aurelia

Aurelia is a relatively new framework that uses modern JavaScript principles to develop front-end web applications. It’s a high-performance framework that allows developers to build application components using vanilla JavaScript or TypeScript. Aurelia’s developers claim it to be one of the fastest, scalable, and responsive frameworks that outclasses other similar component-based front-end frameworks. A word in the industry is that Aurelia is soon going to give a tough time to popular front-end frameworks today. 

Mithril.js

Mithril.js is another JavaScript framework for building front-end web applications. One of the core benefits that Mithril.js has over other popular front-end frameworks is the file size. Mithril.js has less than 10kb gzipped file size and does not require other supporting libraries or tools. All of these factors enable efficient performance and runtime flexibility. Today, big companies like Nike and Vimeo use Mithril.js for their front-end application development purposes. Moreover, its developers claim it to be ahead in the race as compared to other popular front-end frameworks in terms of speed and execution. 

Ember.js

Another outclass client-side JavaScript framework in the line is Ember.js. It allows the developers to build highly consistent, responsive, and rich user interfaces to interact in a fast-paced production environment. Ranging from seamless routing to efficient build pipelines, Ember.js is a go-to development framework for many companies out there. Apart from the development phase, it provides out of the box services to test individual components as well as applications on the whole. Netflix, Square, LinkedIn, and Heroku are some of the giants which have been experimenting with Ember.js for years now.

Vue.js

Whenever we talk of progressive web frameworks, Vue.js seems to be above all. It is a modern JavaScript framework for building client-side web applications. Since it is a progressive framework, it builds from the ground up rather than complicating dependencies all at once. Today, developers widely use Vue.js for building Single Page Applications (SPAs). It is often compared to AngularJS because it is very similar to it. But when it comes to high speed and lightweight, Vue.js leaves AngularJS far behind. 

Express.js

All the frameworks discussed above are client-side JavaScript frameworks. It means that we can use them for application development for browsers. Express.js is not a client-side framework. It is a web application framework built for Node.js runtime environment. Using Express.js, we can build server-side applications and utilize native features in our applications as well. Today, developers commonly use Express.js as the web framework for server-side application development. 

Electron

Electron is another popular framework for building native applications using JavaScript. It is an opensource framework that facilitates cross-platform desktop application development using HTML, CSS, JS, and Node.js runtime environment. Web Torrent, WordPress, Ghost, Pexels, and Slack are some of the renowned names that have been using Electron in their desktop apps. 

Key Note

Above mentioned are some of the popular and in-demand JavaScript frameworks for building web and desktop applications. Each framework comes with a different feature set and offers a lot of functionalities to build JavaScript applications. I encourage you to learn more about these frameworks and select the most suitable one according to your own use case and application.

What’s your favorite JavaScript framework? Let us know in the comments section below. If you wish to learn more about JavaScript, you can check out our collection of JavaScript tutorials.